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ETYMOLOGY OF LOCAL HAMES.                                    335
An affix which has itself suffered from organic decay has a tendency to
involve Its support in the same destruction, and thus I fee! no difficulty in
proceeding a step farther and Interpreting the word  Paitha' on the same
principles as in Satoha. It is the name of a large and apparently rery ancient
village with a temple of Chatnr-bhuj, rebuilt on the foundations of an older
shrine, which had been destroyed by Anrangzeb. At the back of the god's
throne is a hollow in the grounds which has given rise to a local etymology of
the usual unscientific character. For it is said to be the mouth of the cave
into which the people of Braj  entered* (paithd) when Krishna upheld the
(riri-raj hill, which is about two miles distant from the Tillage, in order to
shelter them from the storm of Indra. Absurd as the legend is, it supplies a
suggestion : for paithnd, the verb c to enter,'" is unquestionably formed from
the Sanskrit prai-Mita ; and if we imagine a some ?rhat analogous process in
the case of the local name? and allow for the constant detrition of many cen-
times, we may recognize in ( Paitha" the battered wreck of PratishtMna?
which in Sanskrit is not an unusual name for a town,
Stlialiy a word very similar in meaning to stMna* suffers precisely the
same fate when employed as an affix : all its intermediate letters being slurred
over, and only the first and last retained. Thus Kosi represents an original
Kusa-stbali ; and Tarsi with the sacred grove of Tai-ban, where, according
to the very ancient legendj Krishna put to death the demon Dhenak, is for
Tala-sthalL
K&rab, the name of  a large village in the Mahibaa pargana^  is  a
solitary example of an affix, which I take to have "been in full the Sanksrit
rapra^ & a fort,' or c field/ If so, it has suffered even more than          and has
retained only one letter of its original self, viz^ the initial v or 5. Since hazard-
ing the above suggestion I have come across a fact which is the highest pos-
sible testimony to its correctness : for a copper-plate grant of Dhrnvasena, one
of the Valabhi kings, transbribed in the Indian Antiquarj/% gives Hasiaka-vapra
as the name of the place now called Hathab.
Another termination, which We ini occurring with sufficient frequency
to warrant the presumption that it is an affix with a definite meaning of Its
own, is 01. There are five examples of it in the district, ut53 Gindoi, Majhoi,
Mandoij Radoi5 and Bahardol. Of these the most suggestive is the
Giadoi. Here is a pond of ancient sacred repute, called Genddkh
which is the scene of an annual mela, the Pha! Dol, held in the swath of PbI-
gua. Heace we may safely infer that Giadol is & compound word with Gen^a